26 June, 2018
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Houston, Midland & Pleasanton, Texas, USA.
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Potassium Chloride KCl Substitute Suppliers Manufacturers and Manufacturers' Represantative
FInOrIC, etymologically derived from our business line of Fine Inorganic, Organic and Industrial Chemicals, is the internationally preferred source for Chemicals. With customers in 55 countries across 5 continents, we source and sell most chemicals. Backed by company owned & operated full-fledged chemical manufacturing facilities in Midland & Houston, Texas with associated manufacturing sites in India, Dubai and China we are a truly multi-national chemical manufacturer and distributor.
Most of our or our partner facilities are either FDA-cGMP certified, ISO-9001:2008 certified, Halal and/or Kosher certified, REACH pre-registered ISO-22000:2005 HACCP.
MSDS Sheet of Potassium Chloride KCl Substitute Manufacturers
In general, most of all petroleum reservoirs contain clay/shale minerals; i.e. iron based, sodium based, and aluminum base. It is of most importance to protect the water sensitive clays from becoming a damaging threat to permeability via swelling and, or migration. These clays are trapped into the reservoir matrix and when exposed to water and, or a treatment fluid without protection, two events take place; swelling (plugging pores) and migrating-dispersing throughout the reservoir resulting in production loss.
Clay Ste Adv™ is an excellent KCl Substitute (Potassium Chloride Substitute) that works as a Clay Stabilizer by inhibiting clay swellings and mitigation. It performance is guaranteed by exemplary results in Capillary Suction Tests and Roller Oven Testing. It is extensively used in oil well drilling, fracturing or fracking.
Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock formed by the compression of muds. It is chiefly composed of aluminum silicates found in clays that are platy in structure. Clays have the tendency to swell when exposed to water, creating a potential drilling hazard and reducing permeability of a good reservoir rock. Minimizing clay swelling is important and can be achieved by addition of ClaSte-PAP, a quaternary compound, to water based drilling muds and fracturing fluids. ClaSte-PAP can be used in conjunction with other clay inhibitors like potassium chloride, polymeric cloud point clay inhibitors or other quaternary compounds. Some combinations may display synergistic efficiency in clay control.
The product has been tested in accordance with published protocols.
- Capillary Suction Test (CST). Most often used for preliminary screening
- Dispersion Test measures retaining clay shaken in a drilling mud
- Mud Rheology, ability to absorb bentonite with minor change of rheological properties
- Dynamic Linear Swelling of bentonite pill on Swellmeter Apparatus
Example of a shale rock. USGOV
Clay Inhibitor Capillary Suction Test
Efficiency vs. 2% KCl*
Dispersion Test, Clay Retained,** % pH 9 pH 12 2% KCl 0% (baseline) 54 60 No inhibitor >1000% 33 11 ClaSte-PAP -44.7% 65 60
*Negative number indicates performance better than 2% KCl, tested at 0.2% concentration
**Austin clay, 2% active concentration of shale inhibitors. Different clays may produce different results
Figure: Testing at 180°C, bentonite pill swelled significantly less in the presence of ClaSte-PAP.Typical Physical Properties
Form Liquid Density 0.97 g/cm3 @ 23°C Pour point <-10°C (14°F) pH 8-10 Solubility Water, brine Ionic Charge Cationic
Figure: Viscosity of water base drilling mud after incremental addition of bentonite, pH12.
ClaSte-PAP should be added at 1-3 gallons per thousand to fracturing fluids and 2-5 gallons per thousand to drilling muds. ClaSte-PAP can be combined with other clay inhibiting agents. However, we recommend testing products compatibility before mixing inhibitors.
Please check our page on Clay Stabilizer.
Potassium Chloride KCl Substitute Manufacturers:
Houston, Midland & Pleasanton, Texas, USA.
Tel: 1-855-346-6742 (1-855-FINORIC)
Most products offered from our Houston & Midland Texas area warehouse
We solicit inquiries for processing (blending, making solutions, sieving) & re-bagging needs at our Houston & Midland facility on toll manufacturing basis.
We are looking for Technical Sales Representatives or Business Associates in New York, Williston North Dakota, Mansfield Pennsylvania, Zanesville, Ohio and Los Angeles Area, USA.
Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing, Coil Tubing, Slick Water, Production, Stimulation, Well Intervention, Cementing Chemicals, Summary Line Card Ammonium Persulfate Acetic Acid Acid Emulsifier Acid Retarder Acid Viscosifier Acid Corrosion Inhibitor Ammonium Bifluoride ATMP Phosphonate, Amino tris (methylene phosphonic acid) Barium Sulfate Remover BHMT Phosphonate or BHMTPMPA Bellacide 300 & Bellacide 355 BME Iron Reducer or Dissolver Cross Linker for Guar, Boron and Zirconium based Cement Defoamer Encapsulated Citric Acid Citric Acid Clay Stabilizer Coil Tubing Lube, CTG Lube Diverting Agent DETA diethylenetriamine penta(methylene phosphonic acid) Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride Encapsulated Gel Breaker Enzyme Gel Breaker Fe46 - Iron Control Blend Dry Friction ReducerFinoFR-8 Flow Back Aid Foam 810 FinoPAC Multipurpose Additive, corrosion inhibitor cum bactericide and oxygen scavenger FinoFoam-D, Foamer for Deliquification or Unloading of Gas Wells Heavy Crude Foamer Foam418 Friction Reducer Fast Hydrating Guar Gum Powder Granules Slurry Glutaraldehyde Solution Glycerin Gas Hydrate Inhibitor Gel Sweep, FinoSweep Iron Sulfide Scale Inhibitor Finotreat FeS High pH Buffer HP HT Lube Hydroxy ethylidene Diphosphonic Acid, HEDP Phosphonate FinoScav-NT Non-Triazine Based H2S Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger Liquid FR Breaker FRB-1 Fino Liquid Beads Mud Remover Cleaner Non Emulsifier for acidizing Nomul Non-Emulsifier for Brines Oil Gelling Agent Oil well fracturing drilling Biocide Packer Fluid Inhibitor Paraffin Dispersant Phthalic Acid Phthalic Anhydride Pipe Pickle Potassium chloride KCl substitute Particle Gel for Conformance Control Potassium salt of Hydroxy Ethylidene,1-Diphosphonic Acid, HEDP-Kx Relative Permeability Modifier and Water Gas Shut-Off, AquaControl Sodium Chlorite Solution Sodium Glutaraldehyde Bisulfite Bisulphite Scale Inhibitor Scalegone Solid - Scale Paraffin Asphaltene Inhibitor Sand Consolidation System Sodium Bromate Tetrakis (Hydroxy methyl) Phosphonium Sulfate THPS Total Acidizing System Xanthan Gum Slurry Calcium Chloride Anhydrous Calcium Chloride Dihydrate & Hexahydrate & Solution. Potassium Chloride Zinc Chloride